There are many different types of picture books: alphabets, game-books, albums or comics. Picture books include a wide range of themes, techniques and styles. Pictures can fulfil different functions, they can compliment a text, give the story a certain tone, and sometimes they can emphasise an action, space or character, they tell us what is left out in writing, or pointedly express the opposite.
When children encounter images it is convenient to control the variety of works and different functions of these, making sure they are adequate to the needs and abilities of each age:
Books with contrasting images are recommended, in black and white, easily recognisable and with few elements, that invite a game of identification and recognition of objects, and that favours an active relationship between the child and the image: imaginary, game-books, etc.
In this stage, and especially towards the end, the level of interaction between the child and the material increases, now he can follow a simple story to the end. The child will enjoy books that present images of characters facing simple conflicts, and they will evoke empathy in the child: classical and popular stories, everyday life stories, etc.
During these ages the child is initiated into reading texts, and images are an important source of support and reinforcement. Offer them images that are more complex and demanding to read, where they have to find details or work out more complicated meanings, works that incorporate ironic games, or evocative illustrations.
In this stage it is possible to motivate children into reading picture books with more complex storylines, or that provoke a more reflexive attitude. Similarly, it is a good moment to enjoy comics and to recognise in greater depth the elements of the image: design, style, creative process, and ambience, amongst others.